The selected districts are Colombo, Gampaha and Kalutara from Western province, Kandy district and Nuwaraeliya district from Central province, Galle district from Southern province, Kurunegala district from North Western province.

Demography

Development is for the benefit of people and the environment. it is important to have an up to date data on population in order to decide the elements which needs improvements.

Population

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The graph is visualising the estimated population in each district for the year 2020. Majority of the population is concentrated to colombo and Gampaha district. The economic capitle of the country is located in colombo district and Gampaha is the most adjesent residentiol district, where comuteres find sutable to settle. close proximity to ocupation, servises and infrastructure can be considered as the main reason for the population conjested situation in main districts. Nuwaraeliya district is recorded with the least number of population. This can be due to the terain, access to basic needs and facilities.

 

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Urban Population

Source - World bank projections

Proper ground level survay on urban population in Sri Lanka was done in 2012, by departemnt of censues. Considering the covid situationes, the sheduled survay in 2021 was postponed. This data is projected data by worldbank for the year 2030. accoeding to the 2012 censues, therer are 1,802,904 urban population in colombo District. It is considered as the highest in urban population in Sri Lanka. in Gampaha district, it was 360,221 urban population in 2012, which is now projected as 750,000 by 2030. least number of urban population was recorded in Kurunegala Distict, among this selected districtes and it was 30,342 in 2012.

 

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Economy

This section includes data on economic situation in each district

Government beneficiaries

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Data is based on 2020 census data. Number of government beneficiaries in Kurunegala and Gampaha districts is comparatively high. Most of the people are Samurdhi beneficiaries.

 

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Mean and median household income per month

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

This graph is based on estimated values for 2019, by department of census and statistics. Highest amount of mean income is recorded in Colombo district. Concentration of income generating opportunities as the economic capital in the country, this is reasonable.

 

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Number of households and persons in monetary poverty

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

This data is based on 2019 census estimates. Estimated number of poor households and poor people in the colombo district is significantly low. availability of diversified income sourses can be a leading reasone for the situation.

 

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Percentage of informal sector employment

Housing

Housing condition of the people in the area will define the living condition of the people. 

Percentage distribution of housing units by total floor area

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The floor area covered by the housing units is calculated and presented as percentage distribution of housing units in this data. This is based on 2019 census estimates. according to the data, Gampaha, Kaluthara and Kurunegala Districtes are having houses with comparatively large floor area (1000 sq ft or more). The situation in Nuwara-Eliya dstrict is diffrent as number of houses with less than 500sq ft floor area is comparatively high.

 

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Number of households – underserved

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

In year 2019, the department of censues and statistices conducted an population estimate. This data is based on that estimated data. in 2012 censues survay, the popultion in underserved settlemetes was recorded as 20,226 in Colombo district, and in Gampaha district as 23,843 housholds. Nuwara-Eliya district recorded the highest number of underserved housholdes (56,931). This can be due to the plantation population in habited in the district. 

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Number of building units (Housing – occupied)

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

This data is based on 2012 census survey. in 2016, there was another housing survey by Ministry of housing and Construction (Housing needs assessment and data survey). According to that data, number of ocupied houses in Colombo district is 541,603 and it is the highest amount of houses compared to selected other districts.

 

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Energy

This section is including the data on use of energy in household and economic activities, energy sources and related data.

Primary source of fuel for cooking

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Sri Lankans use LP Gas, Kerosene, Firewood, Electricity, Saw/dust paddy husk and many other fual sourses in cooking. This data indicates the 2019 censues estimated data. Acording to the 2012 data, majority of 346,340 (60.5%) housholdes in Colombo District were using LP gas as main cooking fual while in rest of the other selected District, majority were using Firewood. 

 

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Primary source of domestic lighting

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

This data is based on the estimated data by Department of Census and statistics in 2019. considering the survey in 2012, in Colombo district, 559,218 (97.68%) of housholdes wer using electricity as the main lighting source and only 158 (0.03%) were using renevable ennergy (Solar). By 2019, this has increased to 0.3% in Colombo District. Kurunegala District is recorded with 6,386 (1.44%) houeholdes who use solar energy to lighting in 2012.

 

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