Transport

Connectivity is central to key GoSL strategic aims: to promote economic growth, and to rebalance growth across the country’s 9 provinces. Higher the connectivity to any city, better is the urban growth in that city. 

Detailed information on key transport aspects including bus and rail transport, freight route maps, airports and logistic systems are aspects that should be considered for a city to be properly interconnected within the bigger system. One of the SDG targets 11.2 is about access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems, road safety, public transport, and if we are to move towards being sustainble, these need to be considered in tranpsort planning. Further, the needs of people in vulnerable situations, women and children, persons with disabilities and older persons should also be considered.

ICT coverage is another way of being connected and recent technological advances enable a city to be better connected through its access to ICTs as well.

Accident statistics in Police Divisions (Number of fatal casualties)

Source - Sri Lanka Police Department

This graph shows fatal casualties within the last 3 years. There has been a substantial increase in fatal casualties mirroring the increased traffic in Polonnaruwa MC.

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Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Built-Up
Total
Built-Up
12 (ha)
  • Low Rise
    • 1
  • Retail
    • 1
    Mixed Retail-Residential
    • 1
    Government
    • 1
  • Factory
    • 1
  • Airport
    • 1
  • Park/Square
    • 1
    Playground
    • 1
    Cemetery
    • 1
    Archeologic
    • 1
Non-Built-Up
Total
Non-Built-Up
6 (ha)
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1
    • 1

 

Studies on how the built-up landscape has changed in the urban environment over the past few decades have the potential to draw significant conclusions about current development trends and to predict future development orientations.

 

This urban sprawl study is a based on the analysis of satellite imagery from the relevant years. This gives the viewer a general idea of how urban sprawl has occurred over this period.

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Urban expansion statistics
Polonnaruwa Municipal Council ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017
TOTAL AOI 0