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53937.41 ha
02 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

This section provides a description of the demographic status and trends in the city, primarily based on 2012 census data, presenting an overall view of the population. Trends and patterns of urban population are discussed including  aspects of demography such as age, sex, ethnicity, education levels; and overall observations with regard to migration patterns, suburban population and gender.

Understanding the demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will help in planning a livable  city.



Population by ethnicity

Source - Kekirawa Divisional Secretariat

The above chart shows the population data according to the ethnicity of the administrative area within the boundaries of the Kekirawa Divisional Secretariat and the overall data file within the boundaries of the Divisional Secretariat by village names and division can be downloaded below.

Download data file here

People who need special attention

Source - Kekirawa Divisional Secretariat

Here are the statistics on disabled people in the area, people with chronic and chronic illnesses as well as people receiving public assistance and widows.


Education has always been a significant element in societal development. The development of education facilities contributes substantially to the development in an urban area.

As a developing country it is crucial to address poverty in order to attain the development goals. Education plays a major role in poverty reduction. Presently, several global cities have been implementing the concept of smart city to improve the quality of life of the society, including in the field of education.

Good educational institutions and coverage enables a population to have decent livelihoods be they self employed or part of the workforce. Understanding how a city provides primary, secondary and tertiary eductional as well as skill development through vocational centres could provide some pointers to how well a city is doing or where it needs to develop further.

Population according to level of education

Source - කැකිරාව හා පලුගස්වැව ප්‍රා .ලේ සම්පත් පැතිකඩ

This is the population of Kekirawa and Palugaswewa Divisional Secretariats according to the level of education in the year 2018.

Download data file here


Cities are the primary drivers of economic development, therefore, Sri Lanka’s cities have a decisive role to play in driving the economy forward by catalysing high value-added economic activities, as the country strives to achieve upper middle-income country status.

According the latest Word Cities report, 80 per cent of global GDP is created by cities, despite their accounting for less than 60 per cent of the world’s population (UN-Habitat, 2016).

The Government of Sri Lanka recognizes the role of urban economy in shaping the future of the country. In this respect, Vision 2025 and Public Investment Programme (PIP) 2017-2020 lays out the urban policy priority actions: to promote western region as economic hub of the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and to promote strategic city development to secondary urban spaces as provincial economic hubs. 

It is also interesting to see how competitive a city is, taking into account current and potential roles of governments, businesses and the private sector in the economic development of the city and urban settlements, best use of human capital,  and labour force participation, and existing skills and the job market etc. within demarcated territory. 

Minor irrigation and cultivated paddy fields

Source - Kekirawa Divisional Secretariat - Sampath pathikada

There are 69 Divisions in Kekirawa and Palugaswewa Divisional Secretariats and there are 208 Irrigation Tanks in the respective villages. The water capacity of all those canals is calculated as 247967.5 acre feet in the year 2019. Also, 22329 acres of paddy lands (both Yala and Maha) can be cultivated using this irrigation system but only 21280.25 acres have been cultivated so far this year. The number of farmers in both the divisions (both Yala and Maha) is about 13350.

Download data file here

Highland Crop Statistics (Extent in Hec.)

Source - District Statistics Branch (Department of Census and Statistics Statistical Handbook)

The data of the administrative area within the boundaries of the Kekirawa Divisional Secretariat is further given by the above graph and the data file according to the divisional secretariats of the whole district can be downloaded below. Further information on cultivations in the area is given here separately.

Download data file here

Municipal Services

Municipal services is one of the key tasks an urban centre carries out fto ensure a functional living condition for its citizens.

The access to municipal services and the quality of their provision strongly influence the social, economic and environmental performance of a city as well as urban development.

Urban centres provide key services that underpin Sri Lanka’s socioeconomic development. Cities provide key government administration functions, such as vehicle registration services, access to social protection schemes, and a range of additional services (explored in detail in Chapter 9, urban governance in the SoSLC Report). Urban centres provide residents with health and education services: providing equitable access to quality healthcare and education. They also include services to facilitate social recreational activities and promote community cohesion, such as libraries, community centres and sports facilities. Ensuring quality services is a crucial component in securing an urban future for all Sri Lankans. 

Preschools and daycare centers

Source - Resource Profile - Kekirawa Divisional Secretariat

The Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha area does not have any pre-schools or day care centers administered by the Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha and contains information on pre-schools and day care centers that are privately run and operated by other government agencies in the area.

Heavy vehicles and equipment owned by local authority

Source - Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha Information

The Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha owns these machines and uses them for development activities in the area.

Vehicle licenses

Source - Kekirawa Divisional Secretariat - Sampath pathikada

Details of motorcycles, three wheelers, cars, dual cars, private buses and agricultural vehicles licensed in the year 2018 in the two Divisional Secretariat Divisions of Kekirawa and Palugaswewa which belong to the Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha area are given here.

Download data file here

Libraries and community centers

Source - Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha Information and Resource Profile of Kekirawa Divisional Secretariat

There are 05 Public Libraries in the Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha area administered by the Pradeshiya Sabha, out of which the Kekirawa Public Library is the main one. The Kekirawa Public Library alone now has a membership of nearly 8000 readers. In addition, there are a small number of school libraries, pirivena libraries, private libraries and libraries maintained by cultural institutions in the area.

Thematic maps


Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha area: 

Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha covers an area of 53937.41 hectares. (Data Source _ Survey Department)

Download Map Here                     Download Data Layer Here 


Distribution of Grama Niladhari Divisions in Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha:

Further details related to its 69 Grama Niladhari Divisions can be seen by downloading the map. (Data Source: Survey Department)

Download Map Here                     Download Data Layer Here


Road Map of Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha:

The road map for Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha shows information on the road classifications. Road names are visible in the detailed layer which can be downloaded. This has been updated in 2020.(Data Source _ Openstreetmap)

Download Map Here                      Download Data Layer Here

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Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.


It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.


Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.


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7890.4 (ha)
  • Low Rise
    • 7651.72
  • Retail
    • 11.31
  • Factory
    • 151.9
  • Park/Square
    • 8.9
    • 58.12
    • 8.45
58687.11 (ha)
    • 13914.24
    • 14781.12
    • 22182.56
    • 368.1
    • 1.52
    • 6874.89
    • 564.68


In all of the cities it can be identified that the higher densities are concentrated in the city centres and the expansion is taken place along the roads. The expansion pattern is shaped by the geography of the surrounding area.


The selection of the area for the urban expansion analysis was followed by several preliminary studies. Initially, the urban index values which was identified using the remote sensing information were studied in the respective municipal areas including a fringe area.
Before selecting interested area for the expansion analysis it should consider following facts
- Municipal boundary
- At least 2-3 km buffer around Municipal boundary
- Rough boundary where the physical urban character disappearing


In the remote sensing discipline, the values higher than 0 represent the built-up areas.The boundary for the fringe area was identified by getting the extent of urban expansion as well as a fine boundary where the high-density expansion become insignificant. The identified boundaries were projected on to the latest satellite images to assure the identified urban index values are in line with the existing building densities.



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Urban expansion statistics
Kekirawa Pradeshiya Sabha ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017