Ø  Our vision


Ø  Our mission


Ø  Our commitment

69168.81 ha
1.687 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

This section provides a description of the demographic status and trends in the city, primarily based on 2012 census data, presenting an overall view of the population. Trends and patterns of urban population are discussed including  aspects of demography such as age, sex, ethnicity, education levels; and overall observations with regard to migration patterns, suburban population and gender.

Understanding the demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will help in planning a livable  city.



Gender distribution by age

Source - Statistical report 2018 Kilinochchi District Secretariat

In 2018 Statistical report prepared by District Secretariat of Kilinochchi

Download data file here

Labour Force

Source - Statistical hand book of Kilinochchi District secretariat 2019

after 2017 numbers of employed people is increasing

The division of jobs

Source - Statistical hand book of Kilinochchi District secretariat 2019

unemployees are very less than employees. and most of the employees are self employed.

Population by ethnicity

Source - District statistical report of Kilinochchi District Secretariat 2109

This etnic group data in 2018 has been taken from statistical report

Gender Distribution

Source - Statistical Handbook 2019, District Secretariat Kilinochchi

According to the Census 2018, the female population is higher than the male population in the country. Out of the total population, 48.4 percent are males and 51.6 percent are females. Out of the total population within the Karachchi Pradeshiya Sab limits, 48.31 percent are male and 51.69 percent are female. Here is how the gender population in 2018 has changed according to the statistics of the Northern Provincial District Secretariat. However, the female population is still highly represented. By the year 2018, the total number of families living in the Karachchi Urban Council area is reported as 33755.

Download data file here for 2018


Education has always been a significant element in societal development. The development of education facilities contributes substantially to the development in an urban area.

As a developing country it is crucial to address poverty in order to attain the development goals. Education plays a major role in poverty reduction. Presently, several global cities have been implementing the concept of smart city to improve the quality of life of the society, including in the field of education.

Good educational institutions and coverage enables a population to have decent livelihoods be they self employed or part of the workforce. Understanding how a city provides primary, secondary and tertiary eductional as well as skill development through vocational centres could provide some pointers to how well a city is doing or where it needs to develop further.

Highest Level of Education achieved by Gender

Source - Statistical hand book of Kilinochchi District secretariat 2019

Female students number is much than male students in every classes

Classification of schools

Source - Statistical hand book of Kilinochchi District Secretariat 2018

Details of the classification of School in Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha is little increasing from 2007 2018. This period includes the great battle and mass displacement.


Connectivity is central to key GoSL strategic aims: to promote economic growth, and to rebalance growth across the country’s 9 provinces. Higher the connectivity to any city, better is the urban growth in that city. 

Detailed information on key transport aspects including bus and rail transport, freight route maps, airports and logistic systems are aspects that should be considered for a city to be properly interconnected within the bigger system. One of the SDG targets 11.2 is about access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems, road safety, public transport, and if we are to move towards being sustainble, these need to be considered in tranpsort planning. Further, the needs of people in vulnerable situations, women and children, persons with disabilities and older persons should also be considered.

ICT coverage is another way of being connected and recent technological advances enable a city to be better connected through its access to ICTs as well.

Vehicle Ownership

Source - Vehicle's register of Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha

These are the own vehicle of Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha.

Distribution of Road Network in the Area

Source - Statistical hand book of Kilinochchi District secretariat 2019

RDA roads are major part of the all roads such as Paranthan Mullaitivu A 32(21.72 Km), Paranthan Poonakary B 357, (12.87 Km) Kandy Jaffna A9. (25.4 Km)


Cities are the primary drivers of economic development, therefore, Sri Lanka’s cities have a decisive role to play in driving the economy forward by catalysing high value-added economic activities, as the country strives to achieve upper middle-income country status.

According the latest Word Cities report, 80 per cent of global GDP is created by cities, despite their accounting for less than 60 per cent of the world’s population (UN-Habitat, 2016).

The Government of Sri Lanka recognizes the role of urban economy in shaping the future of the country. In this respect, Vision 2025 and Public Investment Programme (PIP) 2017-2020 lays out the urban policy priority actions: to promote western region as economic hub of the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and to promote strategic city development to secondary urban spaces as provincial economic hubs. 

It is also interesting to see how competitive a city is, taking into account current and potential roles of governments, businesses and the private sector in the economic development of the city and urban settlements, best use of human capital,  and labour force participation, and existing skills and the job market etc. within demarcated territory. 

Annual Revenue and Expenditure of Local Authority

Source - Final accounting statement of Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha 2019

Karachchi pradeshiya Sabha earned this income and spen this expenditure for providing good public service.

Urban Governance

Urban governance can be simplified as “how government (local, regional and national) and stakeholders decide on planning, financing and managing urban areas”. It involves a continuous process of negotiation and contestation over allocation of social and material resources and political power.

This section provide a snapshot of the emergent contours of urban governance in Sri Lanka, focusing on financial resilience, service provision and economic dynamism.

Information available here are collected and calculated considering secondary data sets, ground level surveys as well as stakeholder discussions. The city governance index has taken many a factor into consideration and provides a valuable way of assessing our cities and how they rank from a governance perspective.

Changes in Land Use Patterns

Source - Statistical hand book of Kilinochchi District secretariat 2019

Here land measurement is indicated in Hectre. Most legnth of land is used for agrarian activities

Number of building permit applications received, according to months

Source - Building application register of Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha

Yearly many of applications for building permission have been receiving by this Karachchi prdeshiya sabha, and final permissions will be given with the recommendation of MOH KIlinochch, UDA .

Development Project according to Local Authority level (Approved number of projects and allocated cost)

Source - Budjet 2020 of Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha

Protection of the environment and disaster management is a high priority in the PS. Highest amount of fund is allocated for environmental project than other programmes according to the vision and mission of the Local authorities.


An important function of Sri Lanka’s cities is to provide housing for the diversity of residents that support urban life. Sri Lankan early urban settlement legacy – histories, patterns, trends including land use and housing and the development challenges that come along with it have shaped the nature of our cities.

The share of housing as a proportion of built-up area across the different cities was considered, and numerous factors affect the figure. e.g. Anuradhapura, has restrictions on residential developments because of its cultural, historical and touristic importance, other MCs include significant social and economic land use, operating as a hub to surrounding suburbs and rural areas with large residential populations.

Housing policy challenges that are encountered by the city administrators relate to tenure systems, the supply of affordable, high quality housing, and difficulties accessing housing finance. 

Housing Classification

Source - Statistical hand book of Kilinochchi District secretariat 2019

Permanat houses increasing Semi permanat decreasing

Municipal Services

Municipal services is one of the key tasks an urban centre carries out fto ensure a functional living condition for its citizens.

The access to municipal services and the quality of their provision strongly influence the social, economic and environmental performance of a city as well as urban development.

Urban centres provide key services that underpin Sri Lanka’s socioeconomic development. Cities provide key government administration functions, such as vehicle registration services, access to social protection schemes, and a range of additional services (explored in detail in Chapter 9, urban governance in the SoSLC Report). Urban centres provide residents with health and education services: providing equitable access to quality healthcare and education. They also include services to facilitate social recreational activities and promote community cohesion, such as libraries, community centres and sports facilities. Ensuring quality services is a crucial component in securing an urban future for all Sri Lankans. 

Distribution of public facilities in the division

Source - Budget of Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha 2019

Last ten years from the 2010 all the total numbers of public service centers has been increased and ex tendered their service activities.

Garbage Disposal (percentage)

Source - Waste disposal register of Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha

This Cabage measurement is nidicated in tons per a day. As soon as a waste management and recycling plant will be installed at Paranthan Umaiyalpuram disposal area.

Government Institutions and other service institutions in Grama Niladhari Division

Source - Statistical hand book of Kilinochchi District secretariat 2019

Governments institutions and other service centers are mentioned here according to forms available in this software

Services Provided by Local Government Institution
Solid waste collection according to its type (Metric tons per month)

Source - Garbage disposal register of Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha

Monthly around 225 ton solid waste has been disposing at the open dumb. So very big amount of garbage resource is wasted with out any recyclable facility

Solid Waste Generation and Collection

Source - IWMI Publication - Solid and Liquid Waste Management and Resource Recovery in Sri Lanka: A 20 city analysis

The solid waste (SW) collection from domestic, commercial units and restaurants in the city is carried out on a daily basis by the Pradeshiya Sabha (PS). Daily SW collection from households and institutions is estimated as 3 tons. Additionally, SW generated in the Military bases are being collected by themselves which amounts to 5 tons per day. Moreover, SW collected from the hospital is estimated as 5 tons per month.


A city needs to have an environment that is habitable and conducive with appropriate spaces for people who use the city, while also being resilient in the face of increasing climate risk.

Aspects such as a cities’ air and water quality, quality of the built environment as well as the aesthetic and historic aspects in the city are things we need to look at. However, in the light of increasing disaster risk, managing climate change impact in the light of current urbanisation patterns becomes a key concern, and thus land use planning in a city needs to take this into account.

SDG targets 11.4 (safeguarding cultural and natural heritage) and 11.5 (reducing impacts of disasters, especially floods), 11.6 (air quality and waste) and  11.7 (safe, open and green spaces for all groups) all emphasize that for a city to be sustainable, these aspects need to be considered.

Annual average air temperature at observation stations

Source - Statistical hand book of Kilinochchi District secretariat 2019

Average anual air temprature is decreasing step by step 2016, 2017, 2018

Annual rainfall at observation station

Source - Statistical hand book of Kilinochchi District secretariat 2019

Rainfall measurement is culculated in Iranaimadhu, Akkarayan and Kariyalainagapaduvan station. Here Iranaimadhu stations's detail is given. (In Mm)

Thematic maps


Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha area: 

Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha covers an area of 69168.81 hectares. (Data Source:Survey Department)

Download Map Here                         Download Data Layer Here


Distribution of Grama Niladhari Divisions in Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha: 

Further details related to its 65 Grama Niladhari Divisions can be seen by downloading the map. (Data Source: Survey Department)

Download Map Here                         Download Data Layer Here


Road Map of Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha:

The road map for Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha shows information on the road classifications. Road names are visible in the detailed layer which can be downloaded. This has been updated in 2020.(Data Source _ Openstreetmap)

Download Map Here                         Download Data Layer Here





Filter Map
Filter Map


Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.


It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.


Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.


Filter Map
Filter Map
0 (ha)
0 (ha)


In all of the cities it can be identified that the higher densities are concentrated in the city centres and the expansion is taken place along the roads. The expansion pattern is shaped by the geography of the surrounding area.


The selection of the area for the urban expansion analysis was followed by several preliminary studies. Initially, the urban index values which was identified using the remote sensing information were studied in the respective municipal areas including a fringe area.
Before selecting interested area for the expansion analysis it should consider following facts
- Municipal boundary
- At least 2-3 km buffer around Municipal boundary
- Rough boundary where the physical urban character disappearing


In the remote sensing discipline, the values higher than 0 represent the built-up areas.The boundary for the fringe area was identified by getting the extent of urban expansion as well as a fine boundary where the high-density expansion become insignificant. The identified boundaries were projected on to the latest satellite images to assure the identified urban index values are in line with the existing building densities.



Filter Map
Filter Map
Urban expansion statistics
Karachchi Pradeshiya Sabha ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017