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3217.05 ha
5.89 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

This section provides a description of the demographic status and trends in the city, primarily based on 2012 census data, presenting an overall view of the population. Trends and patterns of urban population are discussed including  aspects of demography such as age, sex, ethnicity, education levels; and overall observations with regard to migration patterns, suburban population and gender.

Understanding the demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will help in planning a livable  city.



Gender distribution by age

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The highest population has fallen into the 30-59 years category. Both Male and Female population has been distributed equally in that category while overall Sri Lankan has 48.2% of male and 51.8% of female in the same category. The Second highest category is Less than 15 with 50% of Males also 50% of females.

Download data file here

Gender Distribution

Source - Department of Census and Statistic

Out of the total population 22,511 of Ampara Urban Council, 10,919 are male. It is 48.5% as a percentage. The female population, representing as 11,592 and constitutes 51.5% of the total population. The provincial capital, Trincomalee Municipal Council limits, 47.96% are male and 52.04% are female while overall Sri Lanka is being as 48.4% of Male and 51.6% female.

Download data file here


Cities are the primary drivers of economic development, therefore, Sri Lanka’s cities have a decisive role to play in driving the economy forward by catalysing high value-added economic activities, as the country strives to achieve upper middle-income country status.

According the latest Word Cities report, 80 per cent of global GDP is created by cities, despite their accounting for less than 60 per cent of the world’s population (UN-Habitat, 2016).

The Government of Sri Lanka recognizes the role of urban economy in shaping the future of the country. In this respect, Vision 2025 and Public Investment Programme (PIP) 2017-2020 lays out the urban policy priority actions: to promote western region as economic hub of the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and to promote strategic city development to secondary urban spaces as provincial economic hubs. 

It is also interesting to see how competitive a city is, taking into account current and potential roles of governments, businesses and the private sector in the economic development of the city and urban settlements, best use of human capital,  and labour force participation, and existing skills and the job market etc. within demarcated territory. 

Estimated Recurring Revenue

Source - UC Ampara (Detail report)

According to the chart, total revenue has grown steadily over the past few years, with the highest revenue being recorded from sources other than taxes. The second highest revenue comes from assessment taxes, which also increase relative to the total increase.

Download data file here

Urban Governance

Urban governance can be simplified as “how government (local, regional and national) and stakeholders decide on planning, financing and managing urban areas”. It involves a continuous process of negotiation and contestation over allocation of social and material resources and political power.

This section provide a snapshot of the emergent contours of urban governance in Sri Lanka, focusing on financial resilience, service provision and economic dynamism.

Information available here are collected and calculated considering secondary data sets, ground level surveys as well as stakeholder discussions. The city governance index has taken many a factor into consideration and provides a valuable way of assessing our cities and how they rank from a governance perspective.

Public Assistance Recipients

Source - Statistical Hand Book DCS

The graph shows the No. of Assistance Recipients in the Ampara Divisional Secretariat area. The highest assistance goes as a publicity assistant. The highest public assistant is going to Samanthurai DS.

Download data file here

Thematic maps


Ampara Urban Council area: 

Ampara Urban Council covers an area of 3217.05 hectares. (Data Source _ Survey Department)

Download Map Here                      Download Data Layer Here  


Distribution of Grama Niladhari Divisions in Ampara UC:

Further details related to its 10 Grama Niladhari Divisions can be seen by downloading the map. (Data Source: Survey Department)

Download Map Here                        Download Data Layer Here


Road Map of Ampara Urban Council:

The road map for Ampara Urban Council shows information on the road classifications. Road names are visible in the detailed layer which can be downloaded. This has been updated in 2020.(Data Source _ Openstreetmap)

Download Map Here                        Download Data Layer Here

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Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.


It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.


Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.


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402.33 (ha)
  • Low Rise
    • 313.52
  • Retail
    • 47.25
    • 4.79
  • Factory
    • 7.88
  • Playground
    • 4.45
    • 14.86
2824.89 (ha)
    • 496.74
    • 205.64
    • 258.98
    • 1771.45
    • 92.08


In all of the cities it can be identified that the higher densities are concentrated in the city centres and the expansion is taken place along the roads. The expansion pattern is shaped by the geography of the surrounding area.


The selection of the area for the urban expansion analysis was followed by several preliminary studies. Initially, the urban index values which was identified using the remote sensing information were studied in the respective municipal areas including a fringe area.
Before selecting interested area for the expansion analysis it should consider following facts
- Municipal boundary
- At least 2-3 km buffer around Municipal boundary
- Rough boundary where the physical urban character disappearing


In the remote sensing discipline, the values higher than 0 represent the built-up areas.The boundary for the fringe area was identified by getting the extent of urban expansion as well as a fine boundary where the high-density expansion become insignificant. The identified boundaries were projected on to the latest satellite images to assure the identified urban index values are in line with the existing building densities.



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Urban expansion statistics
Ampara Urban Council ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017